Mar 25, 2020

IL8 Drives an Elaborate Signal Transduction Process for CD38 to Produce NAADP from NAAD and NADP+ in Endolysosomes to Effect Cell Migration

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
T.-S. Nam


Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is an obligate driver of calcium signaling whose formation from other metabolites of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) has remained elusive. In vitro, CD38-mediated NAADP synthesis requires an acidic pH and a nonphysiological concentration of nicotinic acid (NA). We discovered that the type II membrane form of CD38 catalyzes synthesis of NAADP by exchanging the nicotinamide moiety of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP+) for the NA group of nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide (NAAD) inside endolysosomes of interleukin 8 (IL8)-treated lymphokine-activated killer cells. Upon IL8 stimulation, cytosolic NADP+ is transported to acidified endolysosomes via connexin 43 via cAMP-EPAC-RAP1-PP2A signaling. Luminal CD38 then performs a base exchange reaction with the donor NA group deriving from NAAD, produced by newly described endolysosomal activities of NA phosphoribosyltransferase and NMN adenyltransferase 3. Thus, the membrane organization of endolysosomal CD38, a signal-mediated transport system for NADP+ and luminal NAD+ biosynthetic enzymes integrate signals from a chemokine and cAMP to specify the spatiotemporal mobilization of calcium to drive cell migrat...Continue Reading

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