Autopsies on two native American Mummies

American Journal of Physical Anthropology
M Y El-NajjarP A Small

Abstract

An interdisciplinary team performed autopsies on an adult male and an infant male mummy from the American Southwest. Cause of death has not been determined for the infant. The presence of an unhealed skull fracture associated with an apparent hematoma in the adult male is suggestive of trauma as the cause of death in the adult. Evidence of disease is minimal. Analysis of powder thought to be dried blood from the thoracic cavity of the adult suggests the presence of human IgG. The instability of this protein may indicate the presence of proteolytic activity by enzymes that degrade immunoglobulins upon rehydration. The possibility of enzymatic degradation of proteins will be an important factor in future studies of such immunoglobulins in mummy remains and also indicates the importance of maintaining the desiccated condition of mummy tissues.

References

Jan 1, 1976·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·M J AllisonA Pezzia
Apr 20, 1973·Science·M R Zimmerman
Jan 1, 1967·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·S Genovés
Dec 1, 1959·Canadian Journal of Biochemistry and Physiology·B C HUMMEL
Nov 15, 2003·Science·Eric W Wolff, British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK. ewwo@bas.ac.uk
Mar 20, 1929·The Journal of General Physiology·J H Northrop

Citations

Sep 1, 1984·International Journal of Dermatology·F L Speck, R G Wheeland
Apr 12, 2003·Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz·Marcelo Luiz Carvalho GonçalvesL F Ferreira
Nov 30, 2007·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·Niels Lynnerup
Jun 1, 1990·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·Karl Reinhard
Nov 18, 2016·The Korean Journal of Parasitology·Karl ReinhardJohnica Morrow
Apr 18, 2018·Parasites & Vectors·Morgana CamachoKarl Reinhard

Related Concepts

Enterobius vermicularis
Feces
Downy Hair
Hematoma
Polyglobin
Native Americans
Acarus
Mummies
Paleopathology
Linear Skull Fracture

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

The Tendon Seed Network

Tendons are rich in the extracellular matrix and are abundant throughout the body providing essential roles including structure and mobility. The transcriptome of tendons is being compiled to understand the micro-anatomical functioning of tendons. Discover the latest research pertaining to the Tendon Seed Network here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Incretins

Incretins are metabolic hormones that stimulate a decrease in glucose levels in the blood and they have been implicated in glycemic regulation in the remission phase of type 1 diabetes. Here is the latest research.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Long COVID-19

“Long Covid-19” describes illness in patients who are reporting long-lasting effects of the SARS-CoV-19 infection, often long after they have recovered from acute Covid-19. Ongoing health issues often reported include low exercise tolerance and breathing difficulties, chronic tiredness, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This feed follows the latest research into Long Covid.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Related Papers

Neurology
Francisco Javier Carod-Artal, Carolina Benigna Vázquez-Cabrera
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
J G MooreG F Fry
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
L E St Hoyme
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
M M Kliks
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved