Feb 18, 2011

Autotrophic growth of nitrifying community in an agricultural soil

The ISME Journal
Weiwei XiaZhong-Jun Jia

Abstract

The two-step nitrification process is an integral part of the global nitrogen cycle, and it is accomplished by distinctly different nitrifiers. By combining DNA-based stable isotope probing (SIP) and high-throughput pyrosequencing, we present the molecular evidence for autotrophic growth of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB), ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) in agricultural soil upon ammonium fertilization. Time-course incubation of SIP microcosms indicated that the amoA genes of AOB was increasingly labeled by (13)CO(2) after incubation for 3, 7 and 28 days during active nitrification, whereas labeling of the AOA amoA gene was detected to a much lesser extent only after a 28-day incubation. Phylogenetic analysis of the (13)C-labeled amoA and 16S rRNA genes revealed that the Nitrosospira cluster 3-like sequences dominate the active AOB community and that active AOA is affiliated with the moderately thermophilic Nitrososphaera gargensis from a hot spring. The higher relative frequency of Nitrospira-like NOB in the (13)C-labeled DNA suggests that it may be more actively involved in nitrite oxidation than Nitrobacter-like NOB. Furthermore, the acetylene inhibition technique showed that (13)CO(2) a...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Candidatus Nitrososphaera gargensis
Exploration With a Probe
Acetylene
Nitrosospira
Nitrogen Cycle
Genus Nitrospira
Autotrophic Growth
Archaea
Nitrobacter
Phylogeny

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