Bacteremia in patients on chronic hemodialysis. A multicenter prospective survey

Nephron
M KesslerC Fontenaille

Abstract

A prospective epidemiologic survey of bacterial infections in chronic hemodialysis patients was conducted from September 1, 1989 to February 28, 1990 in 27 dialysis units. Of the 1,455 patients enrolled in the study, 55 presented 63 episodes of bacteremia (incidence of 0.7 bacteremia per 100 patient-months). The portal of entry of sepsis was the vascular access in 50.8% of the episodes. The causative microorganisms were most often gram-positive cocci (69.8%). 23% of the teremic patients had a serum ferritin > 1,000 micrograms/l versus 7% of the nonbacteremic infected patients (p = 0.005). 39.7% of the patients had undergone a surgical operation during the month preceding the bacteremia. Eight patients had a recurrence during the study period and 8 had a metastatic localization: spondylodiscitis 2, septic pulmonary embolus 2, endocarditis 1, arthritis 1, liver abscess 1 and endophthalmia 1. 66% of the episodes required a hospitalization that lasted an average of 20 days. Mortality rate was 6.3%. This prospective study showed a trend towards a reduction in incidence and mortality of bacteremia in patients on chronic hemodialysis.

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