Apr 23, 2020

Candida auris phenotypic heterogeneity determines pathogenicity in vitro

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
J. L. BrownGordon Ramage


Candida auris is an enigmatic yeast that provides substantial global risk in healthcare facilities and intensive care units. A unique phenotype exhibited by certain isolates of C. auris is their ability to form small clusters of cells known as aggregates, which have been to a limited extent described in the context of pathogenic traits. In this study, we screened several non-aggregative and aggregative C. auris isolates for biofilm formation, where we observed a level of heterogeneity amongst the different phenotypes. Next, we utilised an RNA-sequencing approach to investigate the transcriptional responses during biofilm formation of a non-aggregative and aggregative isolate of the initial pool. Observations from these analyses indicate unique transcriptional profiles in the two isolates, with several genes identified relating to proteins involved in adhesion and invasion of the host in other fungal species. From these findings we investigated for the first time the fungal recognition and inflammatory responses of a three-dimensional skin epithelial model to these isolates. In these models, a wound was induced to mimic a portal of entry for C. auris. We show both phenotypes elicited minimal response in the model minus induction...Continue Reading

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