Bacterial and fungal diversity in the starter production process of Fen liquor, a traditional Chinese liquor

The Journal of Microbiology
Xiao-Ran LiZhe-Xue Quan


Fermented foods and beverages are important parts of human diet. Fen liquor, a Chinese liquor is a fermented beverage that uses a traditional fermentation process. Starters are the main microbial source and also provide nutrients for microorganisms during fermentation. In this study, starters of Fen liquor were produced through a complex traditional fermentation process. To investigate the community structure and the composition of microorganisms in the starter production process, bacterial 16S rRNA and fungal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions were sequenced using clone libraries and pyrosequencing, respectively. There was much higher diversity among the bacteria than among the fungi in the starter production process. Bacteria on the surface of the starters belonged mostly to the Lactobacillaceae family, while members of the Bacillacae family were dominant in the interior of the samples that lacked access to air and water. In the fungi population, diversity was high only in the raw material. In all other samples, nearly all of the fungal sequences were from Pichia kudriavzevii, a member of the Saccharomycetaceae family. Nearly all samples showed similar fungal community structures, indicating that there was little chang...Continue Reading


Jul 1, 1991·Journal of Bacteriology·T M SchmidtN R Pace
Nov 15, 2000·FEMS Microbiology Reviews·R Amann, W Ludwig
Dec 8, 2005·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Catherine Lozupone, Rob Knight
Jun 20, 2008·International Journal of Food Microbiology·Ho-Won ChangJin-Woo Bae
Oct 8, 2008·International Journal of Food Microbiology·Vu Nguyen ThanhDuong Anh Tuan
Feb 4, 2009·Letters in Applied Microbiology·J-H ShiZ-X Quan
Aug 25, 2009·International Journal of Food Microbiology·Shiou-Huei ChaoYing-Chieh Tsai
Mar 8, 2011·International Journal of Food Microbiology·Xiao-Ran LiZhe-Xue Quan


Dec 4, 2014·The Journal of Microbiology·Jyotiranjan BalDae-Hyuk Kim
Sep 29, 2015·International Journal of Food Microbiology·Gilles KergourlayMarie-Christine Champomier Vergès
Dec 3, 2015·The Journal of Microbiology·Jyotiranjan BalDae-Hyuk Kim
Apr 12, 2021·Food Science & Nutrition·Wei-Liang XuLiang Guo

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Nodding Syndrome

Nodding Syndrome is a neurological and epileptiform disorder characterized by psychomotor, mental, and growth retardation. Discover the latest research on Nodding Syndrome here.

LRRK2 & Microtubules

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are risk-factors for developing Parkinson’s disease (PD). LRRK2 mutations in PD have been shown to enhance its association with microtubules. Here is the latest research.