Oct 25, 2018

Bacterial T6SS Effector EvpP Inhibits Neutrophil Recruitment via Jnk-Caspy Inflammasome Signaling In vivo

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jinchao TanQin Liu

Abstract

The type VI secretion system (T6SS) comprises dynamic complex bacterial contractile nanomachines and is used by many bacteria to inhibit or kill other prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells. Previous studies have revealed that T6SS is constitutively active in response to various stimuli, or fires effectors into host cells during infection. It has been proposed that the T6SS effector EvpP in Edwardsiella piscicida can inhibit NLRP3 inflammasome activation via the Ca2+-dependent JNK pathways. Here, we developed an in vivo infection model by microinjecting bacteria into the tail vein muscle of 3-day-post-fertilized zebrafish larvae, and found that both macrophages and neutrophils are essential for bacterial clearance. Further study revealed that EvpP plays a critical role in promoting the pathogenesis of E. piscicida via inhibiting the phosphorylation of Jnk signaling to reduce the expression of cxcl8a, mmp13 and IL-1β in vivo. Subsequently, by utilizing Tg (mpo:eGFP+/+) zebrafish larvae for E. piscicida infection, we found that the EvpP-inhibited Jnk-caspy inflammasome signaling axis significantly suppressed the recruitment of neutrophils to infection sites, and the caspy- or IL-1β-MO knockdown larvae were more susceptible to infection ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
In Vivo
Pathogenic Aspects
Pathogenesis
Protein Secretion by the Type VI Secretion System
Gene Knockdown Techniques
Interleukin-1
Edwardsiella piscicida
Protein Phosphorylation
Neutrophils as Percentage of Blood Leukocytes (Lab Test)

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