BAG3 and SYNPO (synaptopodin) facilitate phospho-MAPT/Tau degradation via autophagy in neuronal processes

Autophagy
Changyi JiGail VW Johnson

Abstract

A major cellular catabolic pathway in neurons is macroautophagy/autophagy, through which misfolded or aggregation-prone proteins are sequestered into autophagosomes that fuse with lysosomes, and are degraded. MAPT (microtubule-associated protein tau) is one of the protein clients of autophagy. Given that accumulation of hyperphosphorylated MAPT contributes to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease and other tauopathies, decreasing endogenous MAPT levels has been shown to be beneficial to neuronal health in models of these diseases. A previous study demonstrated that the HSPA/HSP70 co-chaperone BAG3 (BCL2-associated athanogene 3) facilitates endogenous MAPT clearance through autophagy. These findings prompted us to further investigate the mechanisms underlying BAG3-mediated autophagy in the degradation of endogenous MAPT. Here we demonstrate for the first time that BAG3 plays an important role in autophagic flux in the neurites of mature neurons (20-24 days in vitro [DIV]) through interaction with the post-synaptic cytoskeleton protein SYNPO (synaptopodin). Loss of either BAG3 or SYNPO impeded the fusion of autophagosomes and lysosomes predominantly in the post-synaptic compartment. A block of autophagy leads to accumulation of t...Continue Reading

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Jun 13, 2020·Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology·Nalini Vijay Gorantla, Subashchandrabose Chinnathambi
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Methods Mentioned

BETA
peptide array
immunoprecipitation
co-immunoprecipitation
transfection

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