PMID: 39812Jan 1, 1978

Barrier methods of contraception: a reappraisal

International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics : the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
E B Connell


In the last two years, there has been a gradual reawakening of interest in barrier methods and an increase in their usage by both men and women. This is in large part due to concern about the sometimes serious side effects reported for other contraceptive methods. The return to these techniques is particularly important, given the current epidemics of teenage pregnancy and veneral disease. One of the major problems in relation to barrier methods today is the accurate determination of their efficacy. There are very limited data with statistical validity available to judge the exact rate of effectiveness one might obtain using one of these techniques. The National Survey of Family Growth, conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics, showed a failure rate per 100 women of 16.7 for foam, cream or jelly and 15.9 for diaphragms (22). There is a great need for new and improved barrier methods of contraception. Numerous clinical studies are being set up to test spermicidal agents and vaginal sponges for the female, as well as such things as disposable condoms for males.


Jan 1, 1977·International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics : the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics·C Tietze, S Lewit
Nov 18, 1976·The New England Journal of Medicine·W CatesC W Tyler
Mar 1, 1974·Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology·G S Bernstein

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