Basal stem cell fate specification is mediated by SMAD signaling in the developing human lung

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Alyssa J MillerJason Spence


Basal stem cells (basal cells), located in the bronchi and trachea of the human lung epithelium, play a critical role in normal airway homeostasis and repair, and have been implicated in the development of diseases such as cancer. Additionally, basal-like cells contribute to alveolar regeneration and fibrosis following severe injury. However, the developmental origin of basal cells in humans is unclear. Previous work has shown that specialized progenitor cells exist at the tips of epithelial tubes during lung branching morphogenesis, and in mice, give rise to all alveolar and airway lineages. These bud tip progenitor cells have also been described in the developing human lung, but the mechanisms controlling bud tip differentiation into specific cell lineages, including basal cells, are unknown. Here, we interrogated the bud tip-to-basal cell transition using human tissue specimens, bud tip progenitor organoid cultures, and single-cell transcriptomics. We used single-cell mRNA sequencing (scRNAseq) of developing human lung specimens from 15-21 weeks gestation to identify molecular signatures and cell states in the developing human airway epithelium. We then inferred differentiation trajectories during bud tip-to-airway different...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Biological Markers
Malignant Neoplasms
Cell Differentiation Process
Cell Growth
Epithelial Cells
Laboratory mice

Related Feeds

Cancer Genomics (Preprints)

Cancer genomics employ high-throughput technologies to identify the complete catalog of somatic alterations that characterize the genome, transcriptome and epigenome of cohorts of tumor samples. Discover the latest preprints here.

Allogenic & Autologous Therapies

Allogenic therapies are generated in large batches from unrelated donor tissues such as bone marrow. In contrast, autologous therapies are manufactures as a single lot from the patient being treated. Here is the latest research on allogenic and autologous therapies.

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Adult Stem Cells

Adult stem cells reside in unique niches that provide vital cues for their survival, self-renewal, and differentiation. They hold great promise for use in tissue repair and regeneration as a novel therapeutic strategies. Here is the latest research.

CZI Human Cell Atlas Seed Network

The aim of the Human Cell Atlas (HCA) is to build reference maps of all human cells in order to enhance our understanding of health and disease. The Seed Networks for the HCA project aims to bring together collaborators with different areas of expertise in order to facilitate the development of the HCA. Find the latest research from members of the HCA Seed Networks here.