Apr 30, 2008

Basic life support

Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Jerry P Nolan

Abstract

Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation increases the chances of survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Existing bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation rates are poor. There are several strategies for increasing the frequency and effectiveness of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation. These include simplifying the technique for basic life support, emphasizing the importance of compressions over ventilation, reducing the length of training by using video-based self-instruction and widening the range of those trained to include school children. A change in compression-ventilation ratio from 15: 2 to 30: 2 increases the number of compressions delivered. There is some evidence that compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation may increase survival rates from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Video-based self-instruction enables laypeople to be trained in basic life support in a fraction of the time of traditional courses. School children can be taught basic life support and can be used to help disseminate the skill. The optimal basic life support technique that will generate the highest survival rates from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest has not been determined, but there is increasing evidence that the existing technique...Continue Reading

  • References73
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Basic Cardiac Life Support
Cardiopulmonary
Ventilation, Function (Observable Entity)
Respiration
Mechanical Ventilation
Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
Cardiac Arrest

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.