Mar 25, 2020

Dually localized proteins found in both the apicoplast and mitochondrion utilize the Golgi-dependent pathway for apicoplast targeting in Toxoplasma gondii

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A. PrasadSwati Patankar

Abstract

Like other apicomplexan parasites, Toxoplasma gondii harbours a four-membraned endosymbiotic organelle - the apicoplast. Apicoplast proteins are nuclear-encoded and trafficked to the organelle through the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). From the ER to the apicoplast, two distinct protein trafficking pathways can be used. One such pathway is the cell's secretory pathway involving the Golgi, while the other is a unique Golgi-independent pathway. Using different experimental approaches, many apicoplast proteins have been shown to utilize the Golgi-independent pathway, while a handful of reports show that a few proteins use the Golgi-dependent pathway. This has led to an emphasis towards the unique Golgi-independent pathway when apicoplast protein trafficking is discussed in the literature. Additionally, the molecular features that drive proteins to each pathway are not known. In this report, we systematically test eight apicoplast proteins, using a C-terminal HDEL sequence to assess the role of the Golgi in their transport. We demonstrate that dually localised proteins of the apicoplast and mitochondrion (TgSOD2, TgTPx1/2 and TgACN) are trafficked through the Golgi while proteins localised exclusively to the apicoplast are trafficked ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Pathogenic Organism
Complex (molecular entity)
Nucleic Acid Sequencing
Molecular Profiling
Anatomical Space Structure
Detection of Virus Procedure
Sequencing
Deep Sequencing
Species
Analysis

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