Apr 24, 2020

Mask, the Drosophila Ankyrin Repeat and KH domain-containing protein, regulates microtubule dynamics

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
M. ZhuC. Wu

Abstract

Proper regulation of microtubule (MT) dynamics is vital for essential cellular processes and many neuronal activities, including axonal transport and synaptic growth and remodeling. Here we demonstrate that Mask negatively regulates MT stability and maintains a balanced MT length and architecture in both fly larval muscles and motor neurons. In larval muscles, loss of mask increases MT length, and altering mask genetically modifies the Tau-induced MT fragmentation. In motor neurons, loss of mask function reduces the number of End-Binding Protein 1 (EB1)-positive MT plus-ends in the axons and results in overexpansion of the presynaptic terminal at larval neuromuscular junctions (NMJ). mask shows strong genetic interaction with stathmin (stai), a neuronal modulator of MT dynamics, in regulation of axon transportation and synaptic terminal stability. The structure/function analysis on Mask suggests that Mask's action in regulating MT stability does not depend on the nucleotide-binding function of its KH domain. Furthermore, through a proteomic approach, we found that Mask physically interacts with Jupiter, an MT stabilizing factor. The MT localization of Jupiter in the axons inversely correlates with Mask levels, suggesting that M...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Biochemical Pathway
Research
Neurophysiology - Biologic Function
Acclimatization
Neurological System Process
Down Syndrome
Adaptation
Metabolic Pathway
Addition to Lower Extremity, Patten Bottom

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