Mar 1, 1996

Behavioural sleep in the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) in a zoological garden

Journal of Sleep Research
Irene Tobler, B Schwierin

Abstract

Behavioural sleep was assessed for 152 nights in 5 adult, 2 immature and 1 juvenile giraffes at a zoological garden, using continuous time-lapse video recording. Sleep occurred while the giraffes were standing (SS) and in recumbency (RS). Paradoxical sleep (PS) was recognized by the peculiar positioning of the head on the croup and by phasic events. The 24-h sleep profile had a main bimodal nocturnal sleep period between 20.00 and 07.00 hours, with a trough between 02.00 and 04.00 hours, and several short naps between 12.00 and 16.00 hours. Total sleep time (TST), excluding the juvenile, was 4.6 h, whereby PS comprised only 4.7%. TST was not age dependent, but the lowest amount of RS and the highest amount of SS occurred in the oldest and the two oldest animals, respectively. Sleep was fragmented, as indicated by the predominance of RS episodes lasting less than 11 min. Sleep cycle duration was very variable with most values between 1 and 35 min (when no waking or RS was allowed within PS episodes), or 6-35 min (when the criteria for ending a PS episode allowed 1-2 min interruptions by RS). There were several indications for sleep regulation: (i) RS and SS complemented each other to yield a relatively stable daily value of TST;...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Behavior, Animal
Regulation of Circadian Sleep/Wake Cycle, Sleep
N-(4-aminophenethyl)spiroperidol
Napping
Sleep, REM
Giraffa camelopardalis
Wakefulness
Croup
Circadian Rhythms
Waking

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