DOI: 15, 2021Proceedings Paper

Benefit and Critical Factors for the Performance of the Boundary Layer Ingesting Propulsion

May-Fun LiouB. J. Lee


The benefit of the boundary layer ingestion (BLI) is described in the perspective of the propulsion and engine development. A power saving map of the BLI engines is derived based on the correlation of the wake velocity ratio of the ingested boundary layer profile and the propulsive efficiency. The ratio of the mass flow rate between BLI and non-BLI propulsors is introduced to quantify the power saving of the BLI engine relative to a clean inlet flow engine which generates same amount of thrust. The wake recovery factor from the jet flow out of the BLI engine is employed to find an adequate sizing of the BLI engine for the given design requirement. The effects of the fan pressure ratio on the power saving are also investigated to explore the feasible range of the BLI engine design. The derived correlation is validated with CFD analyses. A numerical experiment is carried out by varying the wake velocity ratio through different BLI engines sized with respect to an influencing body. Consequently, the propulsor efficiency is quantified and presented by the saving in the actual shaft power. The efficiency penalty, pressure ratio of the BLI fan stage are correlated with the power saving and the correlation is validated through BLI2DTF...Continue Reading

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