Benefits of 18 F-FDG PET/CT for the preoperative characterisation or staging of disease in the ampullary and duodenal papillary

European Radiology
Guanghua WenHubing Wu

Abstract

Diagnosing ampullary and duodenal papillary carcinomas (ADPCs) is challenging. In the present study, we investigated the application value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) in the preoperative evaluation of these tumours. 18F-FDG PET/CT images of 58 patients with ADPC and 28 patients with benign disease were retrospectively analysed. Preoperative 18F-FDG PET/CT was compared to contrast-enhanced (CE) CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in terms of diagnostic efficacy, certainty, staging and impact on treatment decisions. 18F-FDG PET/CT showed a high sensitivity (93.1%) and a medium specificity (78.6%) for diagnosing ADPC. Compared to CE CT/MRI, 18F-FDG PET/CT had a higher diagnostic specificity (78.6 vs. 35.7%, p = 0.001) but a similar sensitivity (93.1 vs. 89.6%, p = 0.508). 18F-FDG PET/CT provided a much higher diagnostic certainty than CE CT/MRI (definite reports, 88.4 vs. 50.0%, χ2 = 29.698, p < 0.001), especially for small tumours ≤ 1.5 cm, and found distant metastases in five patients. The 18F-FDG PET/CT findings affected the treatment plans of 11 patients and improved the confidence in the diagnoses of 28 patients. The present study demonstrated that 18F-FDG PE...Continue Reading

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Citations

May 13, 2021·Journal of Surgical Oncology·Akira WatanabeKen Shirabe

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