Beta 1-adrenoceptors mediate smooth muscle relaxation in mouse isolated trachea

British Journal of Pharmacology
P J Henry, R G Goldie

Abstract

1. The relaxant effects to the beta-adrenoceptor agonists isoprenaline, adrenaline, noradrenaline, RO363, procaterol and fenoterol were investigated in carbachol-contracted mouse isolated tracheal preparations. 2. The order of potencies for those beta-adrenoceptor agonists that induced full relaxation of carbachol-contracted mouse tracheal preparations was isoprenaline greater than RO363 greater than noradrenaline = adrenaline greater than fenoterol. The EC50 value of isoprenaline for relaxation was 46 nM. The beta 1-adrenoceptor-selective agonist, RO363 was ten times more potent than the beta 2-adrenoceptor-selective agonist, fenoterol. The highly beta 2-adrenoceptor-selective agonist procaterol was a partial relaxant and induced only 28 +/- 4% relaxation. 3. Relaxations induced by noradrenaline and isoprenaline were not significantly affected by the neuronal uptake inhibitor, cocaine (10 microM) or by the extraneuronal uptake inhibitor, deoxycorticosterone acetate (25 microM) respectively. The alpha-adrenoceptor agonist methoxamine induced no observable elevation of mouse tracheal smooth muscle tone. 4. Schild plots for the beta-adrenoceptor antagonists, atenolol and betaxolol (beta 1-adrenoceptor-selective) and ICI 118,551 (...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

ICI 118551, hydrochloride
Metazoa
Tenormin
Cocaine Hydrochloride
Deoxycorticosterone
Novodrin
Mice, Inbred CBA
Muscle Relaxation Phase
Smooth Muscle
Norepinephrine, (+, -)-Isomer

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