Sep 1, 1989

Beta-N-oxalylamino-L-alanine action on glutamate receptors

Journal of Neurochemistry
S M RossP S Spencer


beta-N-Oxalylamino-L-alanine (L-BOAA) is a non-protein excitatory amino acid present in the seed of Lathyrus sativus L. This excitotoxin has been characterized as the causative agent of human neurolathyrism, an upper motor neuron disease producing corticospinal dysfunction from excessive consumption of the lathyrus pea. Previous behavioral, tissue-culture, and in vitro receptor binding investigations revealed that L-BOAA might mediate acute neurotoxicity through quisqualate (QA)-preferring glutamate receptors. The present study demonstrates the stereospecific action of L-BOAA on glutamate receptor binding in whole mouse brain synaptic membranes. L-BOAA was most active in displacing thiocyanate (KSCN)-sensitive specific tritiated (RS)-alpha-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) binding (i.e., QA receptor) (Ki = 0.76 microM) with a rank-order potency of QA greater than kainate greater than N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA). By contrast, the nonneurotoxic D-BOAA isomer (100 microM) was essentially inactive in displacing radioligands for glutamate receptors, except the NMDA site, where it was equipotent with L-BOAA. Scatchard analysis of L-BOAA displacement of specific [3H]AMPA binding indicated competitive antagonism (KD: ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Excitatory Amino Acid Receptor
AMPA, (S)-Isomer, Monohydrobromide
Aspartic Acid, Magnesium-Potassium (2:1:2) Salt
Lentiform Nucleus Structure
Synaptic Receptors

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