DOI: 10.1101/519900Jan 17, 2019Paper

Better ears with eyes open: effects of multisensory stimulation with nonconscious visual stimuli on auditory learning

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Milton AvilaCristina Marta Del-Ben

Abstract

Audiovisual integration may improve unisensory perceptual performance and learning. Interestingly, this integration may occur even when one of the sensory modalities is not conscious to the subject, e.g., semantic auditory information may impact nonconscious visual perception. Studies have shown that the flow of nonconscious visual information is mostly restricted to early cortical processing, without reaching higher-order areas such as the parieto-frontal network. Thus, because multisensory cortical interactions may already occur in early stages of processing, we hypothesized that nonconscious visual stimulation might facilitate auditory pitch learning. In this study we used a pitch learning paradigm, in which individuals had to identify six pitches in a scale with constant intervals of 50 cents. Subjects were assigned to one of three training groups: the test group (Auditory + congruent unconscious visual, AV), and two control groups (Auditory only, A, and Auditory + incongruent unconscious visual, AVi). Auditory-only tests were done before and after training in all groups. Electroencephalography (EEG) was recorded throughout the experiment. Results show that the test group (AV, with congruent nonconscious visual stimuli) per...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Atrioventricular Block
Cerebral Cortex
Electroencephalography
Eye
Learning
Perception
Photic Stimulation
Visual Perception
Research Subject
Central

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