Bicêtre hospital experience with sirolimus-based therapy in human renal transplantation: the Sirolimus European Renal Transplant Study

Transplantation Proceedings
B CharpentierSirolimus European Renal Transplant Study

Abstract

In 11 European centers, first cadaveric renal allograft recipients were randomized to CsA (n = 42) or sirolimus (n = 41). Dosing of these agents was concentration-controlled and open-labeled. All patients received corticosteroids and azathioprine. At 12 months, graft survival (98% sirolimus vs 93% CsA), patient survival (100% vs 98%), and incidence of biopsy-confirmed acute rejection (41% vs 38%) were similar. Serum creatinine was lower with sirolimus, significantly (P </=.05) so at 3 and 4 months, and serum uric acid and magnesium were normal. Laboratory abnormalities were reported significantly more often with sirolimus, which included hypertriglyceridemia (51% vs 12%), hypercholesterolemia (44% vs 14%), thrombocytopenia (37% vs 0%), leukopenia (39% vs 14%), and, of lesser importance, increased liver enzymes and hypokalemia. These abnormalities improved 2 months after transplantation when the sirolimus target trough level was lowered from 30 to 15 ng/mL. Occurrence of cytomegalovirus was comparable (14% vs 12%), but incidence of herpes simplex (24% vs 10%, P =.08) and pneumonia (17% vs 2%, P =.03) were higher with sirolimus. No gingival hyperplasia was seen with sirolimus, tremor was rare, and hypertension was less frequent (...Continue Reading

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Citations

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