Bilateral cortical blindness after lumbar spine surgery. A case report

Spine
J F Huber, D Grob

Abstract

A report of the unusual perioperative complication of bilateral cortical blindness after lumbar spine surgery. The hypothetical causes that can lead to this syndrome in spine surgery and the precautions are discussed. The circumstances surrounding the occurrence of perioperative cortical blindness, the explanation of possible mechanisms, and the patients at risk are evaluated. There have been no similar reports. Case report with description of the syndrome of cortical blindness, the diagnostic tools, and the different pathophysiologic causes. The severe impairment of visual capacities remained unchanged; some color discrimination and the differentiation between dark and daylight were possible. In obese patients (body mass index > 30) puncture of the subclavian vein and rotating and positioning of the patient in one step should be performed carefully.

References

Mar 1, 1977·Annals of Neurology·B J Hurwitz, J B Posner
Sep 1, 1992·Journal of Spinal Disorders·J L Stambough, M L Cheeks
Feb 1, 1989·Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation·W Pryse-Phillips
Nov 1, 1987·Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation·J L MasD Laplane
Jan 1, 1985·Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde·D Olbert
Nov 1, 1985·Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation·M J TramoJ Caronna
Sep 1, 1974·Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation·S Okawara, D Nibbelink
Nov 1, 1982·Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation·R Hart, B Hindman
Jan 1, 1980·Neurology·L R Caplan
Aug 1, 1993·The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume·J J HoskiB A Green
Mar 1, 1993·Neurology·B TettenbornT R Price

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Jun 1, 2005·European Spine Journal : Official Publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society·Brian Gill, James E Heavner
Jun 23, 2012·European Spine Journal : Official Publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society·Jau-Ching WuSu-Shun Lo
Jun 25, 2013·Journal of Clinical Neuroscience : Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia·Nitin AgarwalIra M Goldstein
Feb 1, 2005·Spine·Danielle A Katz, Lawrence I Karlin
Jul 3, 2010·Clinical Ophthalmology·Kathleen T BergMichael S Lee
Jun 19, 2012·The Spine Journal : Official Journal of the North American Spine Society·Jau-Ching WuSu-Shun Lo
Oct 12, 2013·The American Journal of Case Reports·Mohammad Kazem MoslemiPoupak Rahimzadeh
Mar 8, 2007·The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons·Jeffery L StamboughElisha Godfrey

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.