In a case in which the patient became totally paralysed except for blinking and vertical eye movements, microscopic serial sections of the pons showed bilateral infarcts which were due to occlusion of two small basilar branch arteries, one on each side. One basilar branch was occluded by an atheroma lying at its junction with the basilar artery and the other by an intramural dissection within the wall of the basilar artery. This case provides the clinico-pathological correlation for two further basilar branch infarcts. An unusual finding was that one of the branch arteries supplied the basis pontis and medulla bilaterally.
Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Case 34-2013. A 69-year-old man with dizziness and vomiting
Sympathetic skin responses (SSRs) in monofocal brain lesions: topographical aspects of central sympathetic pathways
Are lacunar strokes really different? A systematic review of differences in risk factor profiles between lacunar and nonlacunar infarcts
Single subcortical infarction associated with parental arterial disease: important yet neglected sub-type of atherothrombotic stroke
Tissue plasminogen activator thrombolysis and transluminal angioplasty in the treatment of basilar artery thrombosis: case report
Damage to the pyramidal tracts is necessary and sufficient for the production of the pyramidal syndrome in man
Ischemic stroke related to intracranial branch atheromatous disease and comparison with large and small artery diseases
Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator in acute branch atheromatous disease: Does it prevent early neurological deterioration?
Motor hemiplegia and the cerebral organization of movement in man. II. The myth of the human extrapyramidal system
Etiology of isolated pontine infarctions: a study based on high-resolution MRI and brain small vessel disease scores
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with stroke severity and progression of brainstem infarctions
Hemiplegia vegetativa alterna (ipsilateral Horner's syndrome and contralateral hemihyperhidrosis) following proximal posterior cerebral artery occlusion
Intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy improves outcome in patients with acute vertebrobasilar occlusive disease
Hyperhidrosis as a reflection of autonomic failure in patients with acute hemispheral brain infarction. An evaporimetric study
Ischemic lacunar stroke in patients with and without potential mechanism other than small-artery disease
New England medical center posterior circulation stroke registry: I. Methods, data base, distribution of brain lesions, stroke mechanisms, and outcomes
Silent lacunar lesions detected by magnetic resonance imaging of children with brain tumors: a late sequela of therapy
Prognostic evaluation of branch atheromatous disease in the pons using carotid artery ultrasonography
Atherosclerosis Disease Progression
Atherosclerosis is the buildup of plaque on artery walls, causing stenosis which can eventually lead to clinically apparent cardiovascular disease. Find the latest research on atherosclerosis disease progression here.