PMID: 39496May 1, 1979

Bile salt 3 alpha- and 12 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases from Eubacterium lentum and related organisms

Applied and Environmental Microbiology
I A MacdonaldL V Holdeman


Thirty-two strains of Eubacterium lentum and phenotypically similar anaerobic gram-positive bacilli were screened for intracellular bile salt 3alpha- and 12alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSDHase) activities. These organisms were categorized into four groups: (A) those containing 12alpha-HSDHase only (10 strains), (B) those containing 3alpha- and 12alpha-HSDHase (13 strains), (C) those containing 3alpha-HSDHase only (2 strains), and (D) those devoid of any measurable HSDHase activity (7 strains). Of the respective four groups, 9/10, 13/13, 0/2, and 0/7 were like the neotype strain of E. lentum (ATCC 25559) in that they produced H(2)S in a triple sugar iron agar butt, reduced nitrate to nitrite, and weakly decomposed hydrogen peroxide. The other strains were variable for nitrate reduction and activity on hydrogen peroxide, but all the organisms in the first three categories (with one exception) were H(2)S producers (triple sugar iron agar butt) and all (with one exception) were designated E. lentum, whereas the organisms of category B were non-H(2)S producers (triple sugar iron agar butt). Five of these seven were not stimulated by arginine and are designated "phenotypically similar organisms." Thin-layer chromatography of e...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Arginine hydrochloride
3-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases
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Bile Salts
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