BIN1 recovers tauopathy-induced long-term memory deficits in mice and interacts with Tau through Thr348 phosphorylation

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Maxime SartoriJean-Charles Lambert

Abstract

The bridging integrator 1 gene (BIN1) is a major genetic risk factor for Alzheimer disease (AD). In this report, we investigated how BIN1-dependent pathophysiological processes might be associated with Tau. We first generated a cohort of control and transgenic mice either overexpressing human MAPT (TgMAPT) or both human MAPT and BIN1 (TgMAPT;TgBIN1), which we followed-up from 3 to 15 months. In TgMAPT;TgBIN1 mice short-term memory deficits appeared earlier than in TgMAPT mice; however, unlike TgMAPT mice, TgMAPT;TgBIN1 mice did not exhibit any long-term or spatial memory deficits for at least 15 months. After sacrifice of the cohort at 18 months, immunohistochemistry revealed that BIN1 overexpression prevents both Tau mislocalization and somatic inclusion in the hippocampus, where an increase in BIN1-Tau interaction was also observed. We then sought mechanisms controlling the BIN1-Tau interaction. We developed a high-content screening approach to characterize modulators of the BIN1-Tau interaction in an agnostic way (1,126 compounds targeting multiple pathways), and we identified, among others, an inhibitor of Calcineurin, a Ser/Thr phosphatase. We determined that Calcineurin dephosphorylates a Cyclin-dependent kinase phosphory...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Alzheimer's Disease
Brain
Hippocampus (Brain)
Immunohistochemistry
Learning
Memory
Laboratory mice
Mice, Transgenic
Neurons
Phosphorylation

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