PMID: 698923Nov 1, 1978Paper

Binding characteristics of zearalenone analogs to estrogen receptors

Cancer Research
D T KiangC J Mirocha


The estrogenic effect of zearalenone derivatives was investigated for their binding characteristics to cytosol and nuclear receptors in the uterus. Competition with 17beta-estradiol at the cytosol receptor sites was observed in four of the six derivatives tested, namely trans- and cis-zearalenone, zearalenol, and zearalanol. The other two, 8'-hydroxyzearalenone and 6'-aminozearalene, lacked the binding ability to receptors and were biologically inactive. trans-Zearalenone, like 17beta-estradiol, could elicit an immediate translocation of cytosol-receptor complexes into the uterine nuclei. However, it differs from either 17beta-estradiol or antiestrogens (tamoxifen) in three aspects: (a) a second wave of translocation occurred 6 to 12 hr following zearalenone injection; (b) there was a much longer nuclear retention (over 24 hr) than in the case of 17beta-estradiol; and (c) following a depletion of cytosol receptors, trans-zearalenone induced an overreplenishment by 24 hr, whereas tamoxifen is reported to suppress the replenishment.

Related Concepts

Bos indicus
Cell Nucleus
Centrifugation, Density Gradient
Cytoplasmic Matrix
Estradiol, (16 alpha,17 beta)-Isomer
Estrogen Nuclear Receptor

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