PMID: 963039Sep 21, 1976Paper

Binding of platinum and palladium metallointercalation reagents and antitumor drugs to closed and open DNAs

M Howe-GrantS J Lippard


The interaction of platinum and palladium complexes with closed and nicked circular and linear DNAs was investigated by a variety of methods. Cationic metal complexes containing flat, aromatic ligands, such as 2,2',2''-terpyridine, o-phenanthroline, and 2,2'-bipyridine, interfere with the usual fluorescence enhancement of ethidium bromide by competing for intercalation sites on calf-thymus DNA. Metal complexes having kinetically exchangable ligands, including the antitumor drugs cis-[(NH3)2PtCl2] and [(en)PtC12], inhibit noncompetitively the DNA-associated ethidium fluorescence enhancement by binding covalently to the bases and blocking potential intercalation sites. Only the metallointercalators were capable of altering the DNA duplex winding, as judged by the effects of these reagents upon the electrophoretic mobility and sedimentation behavior of PM-2 DNAs. Long-term (t greater than 120 h) interactions of metal complexes with PM-2 DNAs I, I0, and II, corresponding to superhelical, closed relaxed, and nicked circles, respectively, showed that covalent binding occurs the most readily to DNA I, possibly because of the presence of underwound duplex regions in this tightly wound superhelical DNA. The active antitumor drugs cis-[(...Continue Reading


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