Binding of synGAP to PDZ Domains of PSD-95 is Regulated by Phosphorylation and Shapes the Composition of the Postsynaptic Density

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Ward G WalkupMary B Kennedy

Abstract

SynGAP is a Ras/Rap GTPase-activating protein (GAP) present in high concentration in postsynaptic densities (PSDs) from mammalian forebrain where it binds to all three PDZ (PSD-95, Discs-large, ZO-1) domains of PSD-95. We show that phosphorylation of synGAP by Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) decreases its affinity for the PDZ domains as much as 10-fold, measured by surface plasmon resonance. SynGAP is abundant enough in postsynaptic densities (PSDs) to occupy about one third of the PDZ domains of PSD-95. Therefore, we hypothesize that phosphorylation by CaMKII reduces synGAP′s ability to restrict binding of other proteins to the PDZ domains of PSD-95. We support this hypothesis by showing that three critical postsynaptic signaling proteins that bind to the PDZ domains of PSD-95 are present at a higher ratio to PSD-95 in PSDs isolated from synGAP heterozygous mice.

Related Concepts

Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Laboratory mice
Phosphorylation
Surface
Shapes
Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Kinase 2
PDZ protein
Presynaptic density protein 95
Postsynaptic Membrane
Binding (Molecular Function)

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