Binge eating and eating attitudes among Nazi concentration camp survivors

Psychological Medicine
A FavaroP Santonastaso

Abstract

Prisoners in Nazi concentration camps lived through extreme situations that included starvation. We test our hypothesis that there is a greater lifetime presence of binge eating among survivors from concentration camps than in a control group. The subjects were 51 political prisoners who survived Nazi concentration camps and 47 ex-partisans of similar age and sex. A clinical interview investigated the lifetime occurrence of binge eating. The Eating Attitudes Test was also administered. The mean reported loss of weight among survivors was 27-3 kg. Thirty-three per cent of them and 4% of the ex-partisans reported going on eating binges at some time in their lives (P < 0.0007). There was no significant difference in the Eating Attitudes Test scores of survivors and ex-partisans, but, among survivors, the Bulimia subscale significantly discriminated subjects who reported current binge eating. Our study confirms that subjects who have survived a period of extreme food deprivation are more likely to develop binge eating behaviour.

Citations

Apr 12, 2002·The International Journal of Eating Disorders·Daniel M T Fessler
Apr 26, 2014·Journal of Eating Disorders·David H GleavesLeslie C Morey
Dec 3, 2013·International Psychogeriatrics·Neomi Vin-RavivLital Keinan-Boker
Nov 17, 2004·Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior·Amy J SindlerOren Baruch Stier
Sep 20, 2008·Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie·Leora PinhasBrenda Toner
Dec 15, 2018·European Eating Disorders Review : the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association·Antoine AounNajwa El Gerges
Aug 30, 2019·Nursing Ethics·Åsa Gransjön CraftmanCarina Lundh Hagelin

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