Bioaerosol sampling: sampling mechanisms, bioefficiency and field studies

The Journal of Hospital Infection
C W HaigC Williams


Investigations into the suspected airborne transmission of pathogens in healthcare environments have posed a challenge to researchers for more than a century. With each pathogen demonstrating a unique response to environmental conditions and the mechanical stresses it experiences, the choice of sampling device is not obvious. Our aim was to review bioaerosol sampling, sampling equipment, and methodology. A comprehensive literature search was performed, using electronic databases to retrieve English language papers on bioaerosol sampling. The review describes the mechanisms of popular bioaerosol sampling devices such as impingers, cyclones, impactors, and filters, explaining both their strengths and weaknesses, and the consequences for microbial bioefficiency. Numerous successful studies are described that point to best practice in bioaerosol sampling, from the use of small personal samplers to monitor workers' pathogen exposure through to large static samplers collecting airborne microbes in various healthcare settings. Of primary importance is the requirement that studies should commence by determining the bioefficiency of the chosen sampler and the pathogen under investigation within laboratory conditions. From such foundatio...Continue Reading


Nov 1, 1989·American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal·J M Macher
Jun 1, 1981·The Journal of Hospital Infection·S ClarkO M Lidwell
May 19, 1995·The Science of the Total Environment·O M PoulsenE M Nielsen
Nov 1, 1996·Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology : Official Publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology·B R CageJ Portnoy
Dec 29, 1998·American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal·L C KennyS J Futter
Sep 3, 1999·Occupational and Environmental Medicine·R Rylander
Jul 8, 2000·AIHAJ : a Journal for the Science of Occupational and Environmental Health and Safety·V AizenbergP A Baron
Feb 15, 2001·The Journal of Hospital Infection·C PasquarellaA Savino
Feb 15, 2001·The Journal of Hospital Infection·D NesaJ P Gangneux
Jul 2, 2002·The Journal of Hospital Infection·S Dharan, D Pittet
Aug 2, 2002·Occupational and Environmental Medicine·J ThornR Rylander
Oct 17, 2002·Canadian Journal of Microbiology·Suresh D Pillai, Steven C Ricke
Feb 7, 2003·AIHA Journal : a Journal for the Science of Occupational and Environmental Health and Safety·Wen-Hai Lin, Chih-Shan Li
Jan 7, 2004·The Journal of Hospital Infection·H ShintaniF Hayashi
Feb 10, 2004·The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology·Jay M PortnoyKevin Kennedy
Oct 18, 2005·The Science of the Total Environment·Zhiguo FangXueqiang Lin
Dec 3, 2005·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·Tran Minh Nhu NguyenJean-Claude Desenclos
Jun 13, 2006·Chemosphere·Wan-Kuen Jo, Jung-Hwan Kang
Jun 29, 2006·Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology : Official Publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology·Stella Moreno-GrauMaria Suárez-Cervera
Jul 28, 2007·The Journal of Hospital Infection·S ScaltritiP Borella
Aug 23, 2008·Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene·Janet MacherCarol Rao
Sep 6, 2008·Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews : MMBR·Daniel VerreaultCaroline Duchaine
Sep 10, 2008·Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene·Janet MacherCarol Rao
Dec 9, 2008·The Science of the Total Environment·Min-Yi Tsai, Hui-Ming Liu
Apr 7, 2009·Water Research·Helvi Heinonen-TanskiJari Koivunen
Jul 31, 2009·The Journal of Hospital Infection·K NaruiM Sasatsu
Dec 18, 2009·Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene·Alexander D TolchinskyYung Sung Cheng
May 4, 2010·Environmental Health Perspectives·Pei-Shih ChenChien-Hung Lee
Sep 1, 1941·The Journal of Hygiene·R B BourdillonJ C Thomas
Jul 14, 2010·International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health·Renaud PersoonsAnne Maitre
Jan 1, 2008·Journal of Infection and Public Health·Ana M RuleEllen K Silbergeld
Aug 31, 2010·The Science of the Total Environment·Atin AdhikariSergey A Grinshpun
Sep 21, 2010·Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods·Divey SainiRichard Frothingham
Jul 9, 2011·International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health·L J PankhurstS F Tyrrel
Nov 30, 2011·Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology : Official Publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology·Jason K SercombeEuan R Tovey
Jan 13, 2012·PloS One·Tjandra Y AditamaI Nyoman Kandun
Apr 3, 2012·The Journal of Hospital Infection·C PasquarellaR Albertini
Apr 25, 2012·PloS One·Denina HospodskyJordan Peccia
Jun 23, 2012·Science·Sander HerfstRon A M Fouchier

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Aug 16, 2016·The Journal of Infection·Yanheng WuTao Wang
Sep 19, 2018·Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts·Verena UnterwurzacherMarkus Gorfer
Nov 30, 2019·Aerosol Science and Technology : the Journal of the American Association for Aerosol Research·Jennie CoxCaroline Duchaine
Sep 26, 2020·Frontiers in Public Health·Jon W WeeksSuvajyoti Guha
Jun 6, 2019·Environmental Monitoring and Assessment·Marzieh Sadat MousaviAbbas Shahsavani
Mar 9, 2021·Chemical Reviews·Rachele OssolaKristopher McNeill
Jun 24, 2021·Analytical Chemistry·Lei WangJianhan Lin
Nov 25, 2020·Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery·Gelareh S NoureddinSonia N Yeung
Sep 2, 2021·Annual Review of Biomedical Data Science·Xinyue ZhangMichael P Snyder
Sep 16, 2021·Accounts of Chemical Research·Taylor M OeschgerDavid Erickson

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Methods Mentioned

spore trap

Software Mentioned


Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews : MMBR
Daniel VerreaultC Duchaine
Clinical and Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
A RenströmE Tovey
[Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology
Gen-lin Li
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved