Nov 13, 2019

Biochemical Activity of Vaborbactam

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Ruslan Tsivkovski, Olga Lomovskaya

Abstract

The most common mechanism of resistance to β-lactams antibiotics in Gram-negative bacteria is production of β-lactamase enzymes capable of cleaving the β-lactam ring. Inhibition of β-lactamase activity with small-molecule drugs is a proven strategy to restore the potency of many β-lactam antibiotics. Vaborbactam (formerly RPX7009) is a cyclic boronic acid β-lactamase inhibitor (BLI) with a broad spectrum of activity against various serine β-lactamases, including KPC carbapenemases. The combination of vaborbactam and meropenem is approved in the United States and Europe for the treatment of various nosocomial infections. We attempted to gain more insight into the mechanism of action of vaborbactam by conducting detailed kinetic characterization of its interaction with various recombinant His-tagged β-lactamases. Vaborbactam demonstrated potent inhibition of class A and class C enzymes with Ki values ranging from 0.022 to 0.18 μM, while inhibition of class D enzymes was rather poor, and no activity against class B β-lactamases was detected. Importantly, vaborbactam inhibited KPC-2, KPC-3, BKC-1, and SME-2 carbapenemases at 1:1 stoichiometry, while these numbers were higher for other class A and C enzymes. Vaborbactam was also sho...Continue Reading

  • References34
  • Citations4

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Meropenem
Lactb protein, mouse
Study
Monobactams
Response to Boron-containing Substance
AN 1
Carbapenemase
beta-Lactams
Classification
Beta Lactamase Inhibitors [MoA]

Related Feeds

Beta-lactamase Inhibitors

Beta-lactamase inhibitors are a class of antibiotics that inhibit beta-lactamases, a family of enzymes involved in bacterial resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. Here is the latest research.

Carbapenems

Carbapenems are members of the beta lactam class of antibiotics and are used for the treatment of severe or high-risk bacterial infections. Discover the latest research on carbapenems here.

Beta-lactamase Inhibitors (ASM)

Beta-lactamase inhibitors are a class of antibiotics that inhibit beta-lactamases, a family of enzymes involved in bacterial resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. Here is the latest research.

Carbapenems (ASM)

Carbapenems are members of the beta lactam class of antibiotics and are used for the treatment of severe or high-risk bacterial infections. Discover the latest research on carbapenems here.

CRISPR Screens in Drug Resistance

CRISPR-Cas system enables the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. This feed focuses on the application of CRISPR-Cas system in high-throughput genome-wide screens to identify genes that may confer drug resistance.