PMID: 38945Sep 1, 1979

Biochemical discrimination of Hurler and Scheie syndromes

Clinical Science
J J Hopwood, V J Muller


1. Homogenates of cultured skin fibroblasts derived from patients with alpha-L-iduronidase-deficiency disorders (Hurler and Scheie syndromes) were capable of hydrolysing iduronosyl anhydro-[1-3H]mannitol 6-sulphate although at considerably reduced rates compared with normal controls. 2. The Vmax. values of alpha-L-iduronidase from patients with Hurler or Scheie syndromes and from normal controls were 11, 12 and 833 pmol min-1 mg-1 of protein respectively; the corresponding apparent Km values were 656, 50 and 53 mumol/l respectively. The alpha-L-iduronidases from normal and Scheie fibroblast homogenates were shown to exhibit pH optima at 3.6 and 4.1 and were competitively inhibited by both chloride and sulphate ions: Hurler alpha-L-iduronidase activity exhibited the pH optimum at 3.8 and was also inhibited by chloride and to a lesser extent by sulphate ions. 3. The thermal stability of Hurler, Scheie and normal alpha-L-iduronidase activities at 55 degrees C gave half-lives of approximately 1.0, 2.5 and 1.0 h respectively. 4. These biochemical findings clearly demonstrate enzyme differences for these two clinically distinct phenotypes and provide biochemical evidence that the Hurler and Scheie syndromes result from different alle...Continue Reading


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Chloride Ion Level
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