PMID: 403Jan 10, 1976

Biochemical studies of tast sensation. Binding of L-[3H]alanine to a sedimentable fraction from catfish barbel epithelium.

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
J M Krueger, R H Cagan

Abstract

Large numbers of taste buds are distributed over the body surface of the channel catfish ictalurus punctatus, with the barbels having an especially high density. L-Alanine, as well as certain other amino acids, are taste stimuli in this animal. Epithelial tissue obtained by gentle scraping of the barbel surface was fractionated by differential centrifugation. A sedimentable fraction (P2) was prepared that was enriched in L[OH]alanine binding activity, the plasma membrane marker enzyme 5'-nucleotidase, and the mitochondrial marker succinate cytochrome c reductase, but not the microsomal marker NADH cytochrome c redu.ctase. Binding of L-[OH]alanine was measured using a Millipore filter method in which correction for non-specific binding was also determined. Time, temperature, and pH for measuring binding activity were established. At the optimal pH of 7.8, the KD for L-alanine is 4.8 X 10(-6) M. The first order dissociation rate constant at 6 degrees is 3.8 X 10(-4) s-1 and at 24 degrees it is 12.1 X 10(-4) s-1. The second order rate constant for association is between 10(2) and 10(3) M-1 S-1. Reversibility of the binding interaction was also demonstrates by the rapid displacement of bound L-[3H]alanine by a large excess of unlab...Continue Reading

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