Bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass: biochemical and molecular perspectives

Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Raj KumarOm V Singh

Abstract

In view of rising prices of crude oil due to increasing fuel demands, the need for alternative sources of bioenergy is expected to increase sharply in the coming years. Among potential alternative bioenergy resources, lignocellulosics have been identified as the prime source of biofuels and other value-added products. Lignocelluloses as agricultural, industrial and forest residuals account for the majority of the total biomass present in the world. To initiate the production of industrially important products from cellulosic biomass, bioconversion of the cellulosic components into fermentable sugars is necessary. A variety of microorganisms including bacteria and fungi may have the ability to degrade the cellulosic biomass to glucose monomers. Bacterial cellulases exist as discrete multi-enzyme complexes, called cellulosomes that consist of multiple subunits. Cellulolytic enzyme systems from the filamentous fungi, especially Trichoderma reesei, contain two exoglucanases or cellobiohydrolases (CBH1 and CBH2), at least four endoglucanases (EG1, EG2, EG3, EG5), and one beta-glucosidase. These enzymes act synergistically to catalyse the hydrolysis of cellulose. Different physical parameters such as pH, temperature, adsorption, chem...Continue Reading

References

Dec 1, 1983·Journal of Autonomic Pharmacology·H O KalkmanP A Van Zwieten
Nov 1, 1994·Letters in Applied Microbiology·R C KuhadA Singh
Nov 5, 1997·Advances in Microbial Physiology·W J Mitchell
Jul 28, 1999·Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology·F NiehausG Antranikian
Sep 3, 1999·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·D PorroL Alberghina
Oct 9, 1999·Biotechnology Progress·L O IngramS Zhou
Jun 13, 2000·Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology·J B DoranB Foster
Feb 13, 2001·The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology·X Y YeK J Cheng
Mar 7, 2001·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·S WeberR Conrad
May 9, 2001·Bioresource Technology·A SharmaM N Gupta
Jul 4, 2001·Biodegradation·M HutnanL Mrafkova
Nov 1, 1994·Enzyme and Microbial Technology·J WeilM R Ladisch
Oct 17, 2001·Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology·W H Schwarz
Sep 5, 2002·Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews : MMBR·Lee R LyndIsak S Pretorius
Sep 5, 2002·Chembiochem : a European Journal of Chemical Biology·Jon K FairweatherAntoni Planas
Jan 1, 2003·Bioresource Technology·William D LambertNeville B Pamment
Jun 18, 2003·Phytochemistry·Nicholas J WaltonArjan Narbad
Apr 1, 2004·Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology·Tamás JuhászKati Réczey
Oct 19, 2004·Annual Review of Microbiology·Edward A BayerRaphael Lamed
Nov 17, 2004·International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology·Souichiro KatoYasuo Igarashi
Mar 10, 2005·Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews : MMBR·Arnold L DemainJ H David Wu
Jul 5, 2005·Science·Richard A Kerr, Robert F Service
Sep 6, 2005·Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology·Yan-Hong LiFukun Zhao
Oct 20, 2005·Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering·Y KuboS Nakamori
Nov 5, 2005·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Souichiro KatoYasuo Igarashi
Jan 28, 2006·Science·Alexander E FarrellDaniel M Kammen
Mar 2, 2006·Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications·Jarrett J AdamsSteven P Smith
Mar 7, 2006·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Sang Jun LeeSang Yup Lee
Apr 4, 2006·Bioresource Technology·David B LevinBruce E Holbein
May 5, 2006·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Hideo KawaguchiHideaki Yukawa
May 19, 2006·Journal of Bacteriology·Larry E TaylorRonald M Weiner
Jun 3, 2006·Science·Chris Somerville
Jul 29, 2006·Current Microbiology·Nelson Arno WulffSérgio Florentino Pascholati

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

May 13, 2010·Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology·André Schuster, Monika Schmoll
Jul 16, 2010·Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology·Patrick D KielyBruce E Logan
Dec 25, 2010·Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology·Anuj K Chandel, Om V Singh
Nov 15, 2011·Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology·Fatma UzbasBernhard Seiboth
May 18, 2013·Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology·A PolleV Lipka
Apr 25, 2009·Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology·Yanna LiangJohn Bozzola
Mar 13, 2013·Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology·Iván Muñoz-Gutiérrez, Alfredo Martinez
Jul 3, 2013·Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology·Mingyu WangXu Fang
Jan 1, 2009·Biotechnology Letters·Robert E NordonFrances C Foong
Sep 28, 2012·World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology·Veeresh Juturu, Jin Chuan Wu
Nov 28, 2012·World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology·Veeresh JuturuJin Chuan Wu
Aug 12, 2009·Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology·Caroline VanderghemMichel Paquot
Dec 27, 2011·Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology·Jianguo Zhang, Bo Hu
Mar 15, 2012·Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology·Gurusamy RamaniParamasamy Gunasekaran
Oct 19, 2012·Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology·Deepa DeswalRamesh Chander Kuhad
Dec 19, 2013·Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology·Ali AkbarzadehSakineh Moshtaghi
Sep 27, 2012·Folia Microbiologica·Paripok PhitsuwanKhanok Ratanakhanokchai
Apr 9, 2013·Folia Microbiologica·Jean Carlos Rodrigues SilvaJoão Atilio Jorge
Jul 29, 2010·Environmental Technology·Desire BarnardDonald Cowan
May 21, 2009·Journal of the Royal Society, Interface·Christopher E French
Aug 10, 2010·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Jeffrey G LingerAl Darzins
Oct 5, 2010·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Ani Tejirian, Feng Xu
Sep 6, 2011·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Michael IakiviakIsaac K O Cann
Apr 5, 2011·Journal of Bacteriology·Smadar ShulamiYuval Shoham
Jul 21, 2009·Journal of Bacteriology·Brian J WatsonSteven W Hutcheson
Jul 24, 2012·Journal of Bacteriology·Michele GirfoglioRaffaele Cannio

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Bioinformatics in Biomedicine

Bioinformatics in biomedicine incorporates computer science, biology, chemistry, medicine, mathematics and statistics. Discover the latest research on bioinformatics in biomedicine here.

Biofuels (ASM)

Biofuels are produced through contemporary processes from biomass rather than geological processes involved in fossil fuel formation. Examples include biodiesel, green diesel, biogas, etc. Discover the latest research on biofuels in this feed.