In view of rising prices of crude oil due to increasing fuel demands, the need for alternative sources of bioenergy is expected to increase sharply in the coming years. Among potential alternative bioenergy resources, lignocellulosics have been identified as the prime source of biofuels and other value-added products. Lignocelluloses as agricultural, industrial and forest residuals account for the majority of the total biomass present in the world. To initiate the production of industrially important products from cellulosic biomass, bioconversion of the cellulosic components into fermentable sugars is necessary. A variety of microorganisms including bacteria and fungi may have the ability to degrade the cellulosic biomass to glucose monomers. Bacterial cellulases exist as discrete multi-enzyme complexes, called cellulosomes that consist of multiple subunits. Cellulolytic enzyme systems from the filamentous fungi, especially Trichoderma reesei, contain two exoglucanases or cellobiohydrolases (CBH1 and CBH2), at least four endoglucanases (EG1, EG2, EG3, EG5), and one beta-glucosidase. These enzymes act synergistically to catalyse the hydrolysis of cellulose. Different physical parameters such as pH, temperature, adsorption, chem...Continue Reading
Calcium-dependency of the pressor responses to selective 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor agonists in pithed rats
Effects of pH and high ionic strength on the adsorption and activity of native and mutated cellobiohydrolase I from Trichoderma reesei
Wastepaper hydrolysate as soluble inducing substrate for cellulase production in continuous culture of trichoderma reesei
Cloning, expression and characterization of a family 48 exocellulase, Cel48A, from Thermobifida fusca
Synergistic hydrolysis of carboxymethyl cellulose and acid-swollen cellulose by two endoglucanases (CelZ and CelY) from Erwinia chrysanthemi.
Purification and characterization of a cellulase from the ruminal fungus Orpinomyces joyonii cloned in Escherichia coli
Purification and characterization of thermostable endo-1,5-alpha-L-arabinase from a strain of Bacillus thermodenitrificans.
Bioconversion of water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) hemicellulose acid hydrolysate to motor fuel ethanol by xylose-fermenting yeast
Specificity studies of bacillus 1,3-1,4-beta-glucanases and application to glycosynthase-catalyzed transglycosylation
Dynamics of cellulase production by glucose grown cultures of Trichoderma reesei Rut-C30 as a response to addition of cellulose
Production, characterization and application of a thermostable polygalacturonase of a thermophilic mould Sporotrichum thermophile Apinis
Clostridium straminisolvens sp. nov., a moderately thermophilic, aerotolerant and cellulolytic bacterium isolated from a cellulose-degrading bacterial community
Processive endoglucanase active in crystalline cellulose hydrolysis by the brown rot basidiomycete Gloeophyllum trabeum
A novel thermoacidophilic endoglucanase, Ba-EGA, from a new cellulose-degrading bacterium, Bacillus sp.AC-1
Purification and crystallization of a trimodular complex comprising the type II cohesin-dockerin interaction from the cellulosome of Clostridium thermocellum
Ethanol fermentation from lignocellulosic hydrolysate by a recombinant xylose- and cellooligosaccharide-assimilating yeast strain
Optimization studies on acid hydrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber for production of xylose
Isolation and characterization of acid-tolerant, thermophilic bacteria for effective fermentation of biomass-derived sugars to lactic acid
Methane production through anaerobic digestion of various energy crops grown in sustainable crop rotations
Phylogenetic analysis and metabolic potential of microbial communities in an industrial bagasse collection site
Anodic biofilms in microbial fuel cells harbor low numbers of higher-power-producing bacteria than abundant genera
Structural and functional analysis of hybrid enzymes generated by domain shuffling between Saccharomyces cerevisiae (var. diastaticus) Sta1 glucoamylase and Saccharomycopsis fibuligera Bgl1 β-glucosidase
Weedy lignocellulosic feedstock and microbial metabolic engineering: advancing the generation of 'Biofuel'
A homologous production system for Trichoderma reesei secreted proteins in a cellulase-free background.
Biotechnological production of ethanol from renewable resources by Neurospora crassa: an alternative to conventional yeast fermentations?
Two new β-glucosidases from ethanol-fermenting fungus Mucor circinelloides NBRC 4572: enzyme purification, functional characterization, and molecular cloning of the gene
Optimization of fibrolytic enzyme production by Aspergillus japonicus C03 with potential application in ruminant feed and their effects on tropical forages hydrolysis
Comparative analysis of expressed sequence tags from the white-rot fungi (Phanerochaete chrysosporium)
Study of cellulases from a newly isolated thermophilic and cellulolytic Brevibacillus sp. strain JXL
Development and application of co-culture for ethanol production by co-fermentation of glucose and xylose: a systematic review
Analysis of the saccharification capability of high-functional cellulase JN11 for various pretreated biomasses through a comparison with commercially available counterparts
Factors involved in the response to change of agitation rate during cellulase production from Penicillium decumbens JUA10-1
Candida queiroziae sp. nov., a cellobiose-fermenting yeast species isolated from rotting wood in Atlantic Rain Forest
Expression of a secretory β-glucosidase from Trichoderma reesei in Pichia pastoris and its characterization
Production of thermotolerant and alkalotolerant cellulolytic enzymes by isolated Nocardiopsis sp. KNU
Production of a xylose-stimulated β-glucosidase and a cellulase-free thermostable xylanase by the thermophilic fungus Humicola brevis var. thermoidea under solid state fermentation
Heterologous expression and biochemical characterization of acetyl xylan esterase from Coprinopsis cinerea
Enzymatic hydrolysis of sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS)-pretreated newspaper for cellulosic ethanol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Pichia stipitis
Molecular identification using ITS sequences and genome shuffling to improve 2-deoxyglucose tolerance and xylanase activity of marine-derived fungus, Aspergillus sp. NRCF5
Enhanced exoglucanase production by brown rot fungus Fomitopsis sp. RCK2010 and its application for cellulose saccharification
Dynamic changes in the composite microbial system MC1 during and following its rapid degradation of lignocellulose
Purification and biochemical characterization of glucose-cellobiose-tolerant cellulases from Scytalidium thermophilum
Purification and biochemical properties of a glucose-stimulated beta-D-glucosidase produced by Humicola grisea var. thermoidea grown on sugarcane bagasse
Quantitative secretomic analysis of Trichoderma reesei strains reveals enzymatic composition for lignocellulosic biomass degradation.
Isolation and characterization of Streptomyces spp. strains F-6 and F-7 capable of decomposing alkali lignin
Insights into plant biomass conversion from the genome of the anaerobic thermophilic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii DSM 6725
Clonal species Trichoderma parareesei sp. nov. likely resembles the ancestor of the cellulase producer Hypocrea jecorina/T. reesei
Inhibition of cellulase-catalyzed lignocellulosic hydrolysis by iron and oxidative metal ions and complexes
Functional analyses of multiple lichenin-degrading enzymes from the rumen bacterium Ruminococcus albus 8
Differential regulation of the cellulase transcription factors XYR1, ACE2, and ACE1 in Trichoderma reesei strains producing high and low levels of cellulase
Biochemical and domain analyses of FSUAxe6B, a modular acetyl xylan esterase, identify a unique carbohydrate binding module in Fibrobacter succinogenes S85
The hemicellulolytic enzyme arsenal of Thermobacillus xylanilyticus depends on the composition of biomass used for growth
Construction of a cellulase hyper-expression system in Trichoderma reesei by promoter and enzyme engineering
Bioinformatics in Biomedicine
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Biofuels are produced through contemporary processes from biomass rather than geological processes involved in fossil fuel formation. Examples include biodiesel, green diesel, biogas, etc. Discover the latest research on biofuels in this feed.