Biodiversity differences between managed and unmanaged forests: meta-analysis of species richness in Europe

Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Yoan PailletRisto Virtanen

Abstract

Past and present pressures on forest resources have led to a drastic decrease in the surface area of unmanaged forests in Europe. Changes in forest structure, composition, and dynamics inevitably lead to changes in the biodiversity of forest-dwelling species. The possible biodiversity gains and losses due to forest management (i.e., anthropogenic pressures related to direct forest resource use), however, have never been assessed at a pan-European scale. We used meta-analysis to review 49 published papers containing 120 individual comparisons of species richness between unmanaged and managed forests throughout Europe. We explored the response of different taxonomic groups and the variability of their response with respect to time since abandonment and intensity of forest management. Species richness was slightly higher in unmanaged than in managed forests. Species dependent on forest cover continuity, deadwood, and large trees (bryophytes, lichens, fungi, saproxylic beetles) and carabids were negatively affected by forest management. In contrast, vascular plant species were favored. The response for birds was heterogeneous and probably depended more on factors such as landscape patterns. The global difference in species richness...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Jun 26, 2010·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Panu HalmeJonna Timonen
Jun 26, 2010·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Yoan PailletRisto Virtanen
Nov 25, 2011·PloS One·Alexandro CarusoHåkan Rydin
Sep 10, 2014·Biodiversity Data Journal·Silvia StefanelliGiuseppe Bogliani
Aug 24, 2013·Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America·Keith S Summerville
Apr 14, 2016·Ecology and Evolution·Leonie A GoughTone Birkemoe
Apr 5, 2014·Environmental Management·Pieter Johannes VerkerkMarcus Lindner
Feb 26, 2013·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Martin M GossnerJörg Müller
Jul 28, 2015·Global Change Biology·Markus Bernhardt-RömermannKris Verheyen
Jul 21, 2015·Forest Ecology and Management·Shane C FrankAndreas Zedrosser
Apr 5, 2016·Scientific Reports·Abhishek ChaudharyStefanie Hellweg
Sep 2, 2014·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Gustavo Q RomeroJulia Koricheva
Aug 5, 2014·Current Biology : CB·Zuzana BurivalovaLian Pin Koh
Nov 26, 2015·PloS One·Andreas FlorenKarl Eduard Linsenmair
May 18, 2016·PloS One·Jana S PetermannMartin M Gossner
Jun 9, 2018·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Johan SvenssonBengt Gunnar Jonsson

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