Biogeographic and bathymetric determinants of brachiopod extinction and survival during the Late Ordovician mass extinction

Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Seth FinneganDavid A T Harper

Abstract

The Late Ordovician mass extinction (LOME) coincided with dramatic climate changes, but there are numerous ways in which these changes could have driven marine extinctions. We use a palaeobiogeographic database of rhynchonelliform brachiopods to examine the selectivity of Late Ordovician-Early Silurian genus extinctions and evaluate which extinction drivers are best supported by the data. The first (latest Katian) pulse of the LOME preferentially affected genera restricted to deeper waters or to relatively narrow (less than 35°) palaeolatitudinal ranges. This pattern is only observed in the latest Katian, suggesting that it reflects drivers unique to this interval. Extinction of exclusively deeper-water genera implies that changes in water mass properties such as dissolved oxygen content played an important role. Extinction of genera with narrow latitudinal ranges suggests that interactions between shifting climate zones and palaeobiogeography may also have been important. We test the latter hypothesis by estimating whether each genus would have been able to track habitats within its thermal tolerance range during the greenhouse-icehouse climate transition. Models including these estimates are favoured over alternative models. ...Continue Reading

References

Dec 15, 2004·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Andrew Z Krug, M E Patzkowsky
Nov 14, 1970·Nature·J W Valentine, E M Moores
Mar 11, 1983·Science·D M RaupS M Stigler
Aug 16, 1991·Science·David Jablonski
Apr 10, 2008·The Journal of Animal Ecology·J ElithT Hastie
Aug 11, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Thijs R A VandenbrouckeThomas Servais
Sep 15, 2010·Ecology·Steven J Phillips, Jane Elith
Nov 26, 2010·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Jennifer M SundayNicholas K Dulvy
Jan 29, 2011·Science·Seth FinneganWoodward W Fischer
Apr 19, 2012·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Seth FinneganWoodward W Fischer
Aug 21, 2012·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Christina L BelangerJames W Valentine
Sep 2, 2014·Nature Communications·Jean-François GhienneJan Veizer
Jan 24, 2015·Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research : JSLHR·Jill GilkersonKeith Topping
Jan 27, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·James S CramptonMichael Foote

Citations

Jul 20, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·H David SheetsAndrew D Hawkins
Aug 29, 2019·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Björn KrögerChristian M Ø Rasmussen
Apr 15, 2020·Nature Communications·Richard G StockeyErik A Sperling
Sep 26, 2017·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Curtis R CongreveJames C Lamsdell
Mar 27, 2019·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Christian M Ø RasmussenJorge Colmenar

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Biological Evolution
Fossils
Brachiopoda
Habitat
Biodiversity
History, Ancient
Extinction, Species
Climate Change
Oxygen

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Seth FinneganWoodward W Fischer
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Andrew Z Krug, M E Patzkowsky
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
James S CramptonMichael Foote
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved