Biolayer Interferometry for DNA-Protein Interactions v1

John K Barrows, Michael Van Dyke

Abstract

Biolayer interferometry (BLI) is a widely utilized technique for determining the interaction dynamics between macromolecules. Most BLI instruments, such as the Octet RED96e used throughout this protocol, are completely automated and detect changes in the interference pattern of white light reflected off a biosensor tip. Biosensors are initially loaded with a stationary macromolecule, then introduced into a solution containing macromolecules of interest. Binding to the stationary molecules creates a change in optical wavelength that is recorded by the instrument in real-time. The majority of published BLI experiments assess protein-protein (such as antibody-substrate kinetics) or protein-small molecule (such as drug discovery) interactions. However, a less-appreciated assay for BLI analysis is DNA-protein interactions. In our laboratory, we have shown the practicality of using biotinylated-DNA probes to determine the binding kinetics of transcription factors to specific DNA sequences. The following protocol describes these steps, including the generation of biotinylated-DNA probes, the execution of the BLI experiment, and data analysis through GraphPad Prism.

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