PMID: 46156Feb 7, 1975

Biological importance of retrograde axonal transport of nerve growth factor in adrenergic neurons

Brain Research
U ParaviciniH Thoenen


Previous studies have shown that nerve growth factor (NGF) produces a selective induction of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in peripheral adrenergic neurons and that NGF is transported retrogradely with a high selectivity from the adrenergic nerve terminals to the perikaryon. In order to investigate the biological importance of retrograde NGF transport, the following experiments have been performed; (a) effect of NGF on TH activity in superior cervical ganglia (SCG) after unilateral injection into the anterior eye chamber and the submaxillary gland; and (b) effect of systemic injection of NGF on TH activity in SCG after blockage of retrograde axonal transport by axotomy. After unilateral injection of NGF into the anterior eye chamber and submaxillary gland of both 8-10-day-old rats and adult mice, the increase in TH activity in the SCG was considerably larger on the injected than on the non-injected side although the adrenergic neurons supplying the two organs do not account for more than 25% of the total number of adrenergic neurons in the SCG. A direct diffusion mechanism could be excluded by the fact that unilateral local injection of [125 I] produced no significant side difference in the accumulation of radioactivity in the SCG ...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Axonal Transport
Sympathetic Nervous System
Subcutaneous Injections
Nerve Growth Factor
Anterior Chamber of Eye Structure
Nerve Endings
Cytochrome c Group
Retrograde Axon Cargo Transport
Neurite Outgrowth Factors

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