Biological treatment of steroidal drug industrial effluent and electricity generation in the microbial fuel cells

Bioresource Technology
Ru LiuQing Huang

Abstract

The single chamber microbial fuel cells (MFCs) were used to treat steroidal drug production wastewater (SPW) and generate electricity simultaneously. The results indicated that the maximum COD removal efficiency reached 82%, total nitrogen and sulfate removal rate approached 62.47% and 26.46%, respectively. The maximum power density and the Coulombic efficiency reached to 22.3Wm(-3) and 30%, respectively. The scanning electron microscope showed that the dominant microbial populations were remarkably different in morphology on the surface of SPW and acetate-fed anodes. PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis profiles revealed that the microbial community structure fed with different concentrations of SPW presented a gradual succession and unique bacterial sequences were detected on the SPW and acetate-fed anodes. This research demonstrates that MFCs fed with SPW achieved a high efficiency of power density and simultaneous nutrient removal, and the dominant microorganisms on the anode were related to the types and the concentrations of substrates.

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Citations

Nov 20, 2015·Environmental Technology·Haixia Du, Fusheng Li
Aug 13, 2013·Bioresource Technology·Xiaoyan ZhangGuanhong Tao
Mar 5, 2016·Chemical Society Reviews·Min SunHan-Qing Yu
Dec 29, 2017·Environmental Technology·Yi ZhangMengchun Gao
Apr 8, 2015·Macromolecular Bioscience·Christian KnierimAndreas Greiner
Apr 11, 2018·Environmental Geochemistry and Health·Lijuan ZhangHuchun Tao
Mar 27, 2021·The Science of the Total Environment·Zainab SyedAkhilendra Bhushan Gupta
Jun 5, 2021·Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering·Miguel Mauricio Aguilera FloresSergio Miguel Durón Torres

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