Dec 1, 1975

Biology of large bowel cancer. Present status and research frontiers

Cancer
M Lipkin

Abstract

Man and laboratory rodents exposed to chemical carcinogens both show changes in growth characteristics of colonic epithelial cells during neoplastic transformation. Progressive phases of abnormal cell development appear in colonic epithelial cells which gain an increased ability to proliferate and accumulate in the mucosa. These phases in the expression of neoplastic transformation of colonic cells are best defined in the dominant inherited disease of man as adenomatosis of the colon and rectum. Individuals with inherited adenomatosis and those in lesser risk categories can be classified by cell phenotype based on changes in the proliferation and maturation of colonic and other cells. These classifications are leading to new predictive indices which identify heightened degrees of susceptibility of individuals who are at increased risk for colon cancer, and the stage of development of their disease. The indices also are being used to study the contribution of specific elements in the enviroment that modify or accelerate the progression of disease.

Mentioned in this Paper

Adenoma, Trabecular
Rectal Neoplasms
Squamous Transitional Epithelial Cell Count
Neoplasms
Malignant Tumor of Colon
Biologic Development
DNA, Neoplasm
Mesothelium
Dimethylhydrazines
Cell Division Phases

About this Paper

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