Biomarkers for Acute Respiratory Distress syndrome and prospects for personalised medicine

Journal of Inflammation
Savino SpadaroCarlo Alberto Volta

Abstract

Acute lung injury (ALI) affects over 10% of patients hospitalised in critical care, with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) being the most severe form of ALI and having a mortality rate in the region of 40%. There has been slow but incremental progress in identification of biomarkers that contribute to the pathophysiology of ARDS, have utility in diagnosis and monitoring, and that are potential therapeutic targets (Calfee CS, Delucchi K, Parsons PE, Thompson BT, Ware LB, Matthay MA, Thompson T, Ware LB, Matthay MA, Lancet Respir Med 2014, 2:611--620). However, a major issue is that ARDS is such a heterogeneous, multi-factorial, end-stage condition that the strategies for "lumping and splitting" are critical (Prescott HC, Calfee CS, Thompson BT, Angus DC, Liu VX, Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2016, 194:147--155). Nevertheless, sequencing of the human genome, the availability of improved methods for analysis of transcription to mRNA (gene expression), and development of sensitive immunoassays has allowed the application of network biology to ARDS, with these biomarkers offering potential for personalised or precision medicine (Sweeney TE, Khatri P, Toward precision medicine Crit Care Med; 2017 45:934-939). Biomarker panels ha...Continue Reading

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
bronchoalveolar lavage
nuclear magnetic resonance
lavage
metabolomics profiling

Clinical Trials Mentioned

NCT02509078

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