Nov 9, 2017

Biometal Dyshomeostasis and Toxic Metal Accumulations in the Development of Alzheimer's Disease

Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Yong LiHong Jiang

Abstract

Biometal dyshomeostasis and toxic metal accumulation are common features in many neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease, and Huntington's disease. The neurotoxic effects of metal imbalance are generally associated with reduced enzymatic activities, elevated protein aggregation and oxidative stress in the central nervous system, in which a cascade of events lead to cell death and neurodegeneration. Although the links between biometal imbalance and neurodegenerative disorders remain elusive, a major class of endogenous proteins involved in metal transport has been receiving increasing attention over recent decades. The abnormal expression of these proteins has been linked to biometal imbalance and to the pathogenesis of AD. Here, we present a brief overview of the physiological roles of biometals including iron, zinc, copper, manganese, magnesium and calcium, and provide a detailed description of their transporters and their synergistic involvement in the development of AD. In addition, we also review the published data relating to neurotoxic metals in AD, including aluminum, lead, cadmium, and mercury.

  • References211
  • Citations5
  • References211
  • Citations5

Mentioned in this Paper

Mercury
Pathogenic Aspects
Calcium [EPC]
Pathogenesis
Magnesium Measurement
Aluminum Measurement
Imbalance
Calcium
Huntington's Disease Pathway
Aggregation

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