Bioplastic Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA): Recent Advances in Modification and Medical Applications

Preprints.org
Abdul MukheemNanthini Sridewi

Abstract

A wide variety of bacteria are found to be the tiny factories in the production of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) biopolymer. PHA is the polyesters of 3-hydroxyalkanoic acids which occur in bacteria when the bacteria is subjected to nutrient limitation and simultaneously fed with an excess amount of carbon. This unfavorable condition forces the bacteria to store carbon in the form of resorbable cellular inclusions called PHA. Biosynthesized PHA has the ability to replace the currently feasible harmful petroleum based plastics to biobased plastics. PHA research is being focused mainly on two facts - bulk production of environment friendly low-cost PHA and functional group modification for multiple applications to mankind. Many companies are already producing PHA with highly tunable properties and are looking into economically feasible technologies for mass production of PHA. The core focus of PHA research includes a selection of potential PHA producers and low to zero cost carbon sources such as carbon containing wastages of household, farms and industries. This challenge of “trash to treasure” still remains to attain. Tunable properties of PHA have made them a more interesting biomaterial to blend with suitable biopolymers includin...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS), also called infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia, or aphasia with convulsive disorder, is a rare childhood neurological syndrome characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia (the inability to understand or express language) and an abnormal electroencephalogram. Discover the latest research on LKS here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved