May 25, 1986

Biosynthesis of proteoglycans by rat embryo parietal yolk sacs in organ culture

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
R V Iozzo, C C Clark


The embryonic rat parietal yolk sac has been previously shown to synthesize a number of basement membrane glycoconjugates including type IV procollagen, laminin, and entactin. In this study, parietal yolk sacs were isolated from 14.5-day rat embryos and incubated in organ culture for 4-7 h with [35S]sulfate, [3H] glucosamine, and/or 3H-labeled amino acids, and the newly synthesized proteoglycans were characterized. The major [35S]sulfate-labeled macromolecule represented approximately 90% of the medium and 80% of the tissue radioactivity. It also represented nearly 80% of the total [3H]glucosamine-labeled glycosaminoglycans. After purification by sequential ion-exchange chromatography and isopycnic CsCI density gradient ultracentrifugation, size-exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography showed a single species with an estimated Mr of 8-9 X 10(5). The intact proteoglycan did not form aggregates in the presence of exogenous hyaluronic acid or cartilage aggregates. Alkaline borohydride treatment released glycosaminoglycan chains with Mr of 2.0 X 10(4) which were susceptible to chondroitinase AC II and chondroitinase ABC digestion. Analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography of the disaccharides generated by chondroit...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Sulfates, Inorganic
Organ Culture Techniques
August Rats
Peptide Fragments

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