Biotic and environmental dynamics through the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous transition: evidence for protracted faunal and ecological turnover

Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
Jonathan P TennantGregory D Price


The Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous interval represents a time of environmental upheaval and cataclysmic events, combined with disruptions to terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Historically, the Jurassic/Cretaceous (J/K) boundary was classified as one of eight mass extinctions. However, more recent research has largely overturned this view, revealing a much more complex pattern of biotic and abiotic dynamics than has previously been appreciated. Here, we present a synthesis of our current knowledge of Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous events, focusing particularly on events closest to the J/K boundary. We find evidence for a combination of short-term catastrophic events, large-scale tectonic processes and environmental perturbations, and major clade interactions that led to a seemingly dramatic faunal and ecological turnover in both the marine and terrestrial realms. This is coupled with a great reduction in global biodiversity which might in part be explained by poor sampling. Very few groups appear to have been entirely resilient to this J/K boundary 'event', which hints at a 'cascade model' of ecosystem changes driving faunal dynamics. Within terrestrial ecosystems, larger, more-specialised organisms, such as saurischian dino...Continue Reading


Oct 1, 1990·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·P Dodson
Feb 1, 1984·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·D M Raup, J J Sepkoski
Aug 4, 1995·Science·M R Rampino, B M Haggerty
Mar 30, 2001·Nature·K Q Gao, Neil H Shubin
Apr 24, 2001·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·A B Smith
May 17, 2001·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·J AlroyA Webber
Jul 16, 1993·Science·Conrad C Labandeira, J J Sepkoski
Jan 1, 1988·Paleobiology·D M Raup, G E Boyajian
Sep 25, 2001·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Paul M Barrett, K J Willis
Sep 29, 2001·Science·J B Jackson, K G Johnson
Apr 27, 2002·Nature·Qiang JiJustin A Georgi
May 16, 2002·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Richard K BambachJ J Sepkoski
Mar 28, 2003·Nature·Ke-Qin Gao, Neil H Shubin
May 17, 2003·Science·David JablonskiPhilip S Anderson
Jun 14, 2003·Science·James S CramptonPhillip A Maxwell
Dec 13, 2003·Science·Zhe-Xi LuoChong-Xi Yuan
Jan 1, 2004·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Susan E Evans
Jul 17, 2004·Science·Paul G FalkowskiF J R Taylor
Apr 2, 2005·Science·Zhe-Xi Luo, John R Wible
Nov 29, 2005·Science·Kenneth G MillerStephen F Pekar
Dec 14, 2005·Die Naturwissenschaften·Alexander O AverianovAizek A Bakirov
Feb 16, 2006·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Peter J LuCharles R Marshall
Mar 15, 2006·Molecular Biology and Evolution·Kerryn E SlackDavid Penny
Aug 12, 2006·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Xing XuJinyou Mo
Dec 7, 2006·Biology Letters·Andrew B Smith, Alistair J McGowan
Dec 26, 2006·Die Naturwissenschaften·Fernando EscasoFernando Barriga
Feb 8, 2007·Biology Letters·Lionel Cavin, Peter L Forey
Mar 23, 2007·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Pi-Peng LiXing Xu
May 24, 2007·Systematic Biology·David Marjanović, Michel Laurin
Mar 19, 1982·Science·D M Raup, J J Sepkoski
Mar 17, 1972·Science·D J MiltonG A Young
Mar 6, 1987·Science·B U HaqP R Vail
Oct 9, 2007·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Jennifer C McElwain, Surangi W Punyasena
Jul 5, 2008·Science·J AlroyChristy C Visaggi
Jul 24, 2008·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Graeme T LloydMichael J Benton
Aug 13, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·J Alroy
Nov 27, 2008·Die Naturwissenschaften·Ryoko MatsumotoSusan E Evans
Jan 9, 2009·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Jürgen KriwetStefanie Klug
Jan 13, 2009·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Richard J ButlerM G Penn
Feb 13, 2009·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·Gareth J DykeD Smith
May 1, 2009·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Paul M BarrettVictoria Page
Aug 8, 2009·Science·Kaustuv RoyDavid Jablonski
Nov 4, 2009·Arthropod Structure & Development·David A Grimaldi
Nov 7, 2009·Anais Da Academia Brasileira De Ciências·Xiaolin WangXi Meng
Dec 1, 2009·Arthropod Structure & Development·William A Shear, Gregory D Edgecombe
Dec 17, 2009·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Hilary F Ketchum, Roger B J Benson
Jan 23, 2010·Arthropod Structure & Development·Jason A Dunlop
Nov 1, 1986·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Michael J Benton
Jun 24, 2011·Biology Letters·Roger B J Benson, Philip D Mannion
Oct 26, 2011·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Carl SimpsonJohannes Müller
Nov 26, 2011·Science·Bjarte Hannisdal, Shanan E Peters
Jan 10, 2012·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Richard J ButlerRoger B J Benson
Jan 10, 2012·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·R Alexander Pyron, Frank T Burbrink
Feb 3, 2012·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Roland B SookiasRoger B J Benson
Apr 20, 2012·Biology Letters·Roland B SookiasRichard J Butler
Sep 6, 2012·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Peter J MayhewAlistair J McGowan
Sep 7, 2012·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Andrew B SmithAlistair J McGowan
Dec 6, 2012·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Clément CoiffardDavid L Dilcher
Apr 16, 2013·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Roger B J Benson, Patrick Scott Druckenmiller
Aug 16, 2013·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Roger B J Benson, Jonah N Choiniere
Nov 10, 2013·PloS One·Daril A Vilhena, Andrew B Smith
Nov 23, 2013·Nature Communications·Lindsay E Zanno, Peter J Makovicky
Jan 23, 2014·Systematic Biology·Michael S Y LeeGareth J Dyke
Mar 13, 2014·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Lauren C Sallan
Apr 4, 2014·Nature Communications·Roger B J BensonRichard J Butler
Apr 23, 2014·Nature Communications·B A BellJ G Rarity
Apr 29, 2014·Current Biology : CB·Brian AndresXing Xu
May 16, 2014·PloS One·Pablo A GallinaJuan I Canale
May 30, 2014·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Jonathan S Mitchell, Peter J Makovicky
Jun 4, 2014·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·L SorensonM E Alfaro
Aug 19, 2014·Nature Communications·Jeremy E MartinMichael J Benton
Aug 19, 2014·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·L M de Souza, R M Santucci
Aug 29, 2014·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·David B NicholsonPeter J Mayhew
Sep 5, 2014·Nature Communications·Alexander M DunhillMichael J Benton
Sep 17, 2014·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Anne-Claire ChaboureauAlain Franc
Jan 16, 2015·ZooKeys·Thomas E WilliamsonGregory P Wilson
Jan 28, 2015·Nature Communications·Michael W CaldwellSebastián Apesteguía
Mar 4, 2015·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Sang Il Kim, Brian D Farrell
Mar 20, 2015·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Dena M Smith, Jonathan D Marcot
Apr 3, 2015·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Nicholas R LongrichJacques A Gauthier
Apr 29, 2015·Nature·Fernando E NovasDavid Rubilar-Rogers
May 6, 2015·Nature Communications·Min WangZhonghe Zhou
Jun 13, 2015·Royal Society Open Science·Mark T YoungMarco Brandalise De Andrade
Jun 13, 2015·Royal Society Open Science·Mario BronzatiMax C Langer
Jul 21, 2015·Current Biology : CB·Roger A CloseRoger B J Benson
Jul 25, 2015·Science·David M MartillNicholas R Longrich
Aug 4, 2015·Nature Communications·David B NicholsonPaul M Barrett
Sep 25, 2015·Nature Communications·Philip D MannionRichard J Butler
May 31, 2016·Palaeontology·Christopher D DeanRichard J Butler
Sep 7, 2016·Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society·Mark T YoungDugald A Ross


Mar 11, 2016·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Jonathan P TennantPaul Upchurch
Jun 27, 2018·Integrative and Comparative Biology·Kevin Padian
Jul 26, 2018·PloS One·Alexander O AverianovDmitry Vitenko
Oct 19, 2018·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Ian G Brennan, J Scott Keogh
Sep 3, 2016·Nature Communications·Jonathan P TennantPaul Upchurch
Sep 21, 2019·Journal of Experimental Botany·Richard M Bateman
Aug 2, 2019·Environmental Microbiology·Anže Žerdoner ČalasanMarc Gottschling
Jan 14, 2020·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Nicolas SéonChristophe Lécuyer
Aug 9, 2019·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Pedro L GodoyRichard J Butler
Mar 20, 2019·Nature Ecology & Evolution·Torda VargaLászló G Nagy
Feb 24, 2021·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Yilun YuXing Xu

Related Concepts

Impacts, Environmental
Extinction, Species
Climate Change
Indwelling Catheter

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Laryngeal Neoplasms

Laryngeal Neoplasms occur in the Larynx and are typically associated with smoking and alcohol consumption. Discover the latest research on Laryngeal Neoplasms here.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.