Oct 3, 2002

Biotic ligand model development predicting Zn toxicity to the alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata: possibilities and limitations

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology : CBP
Dagobert G HeijerickColin R Janssen


Biotic ligand models have been developed for various metals (e.g. Cu, Ag, Zn) and different aquatic species. These models incorporate the effect of physico-chemical water characteristics (major cations, pH, dissolved organic carbon) on the bioavailability and toxicity of the metal. In this study, the individual effects of calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium and pH on zinc toxicity to the green alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (formerly and better known as Selenastrum capricornutum and Raphidocelis subcapitata) were investigated. Stability constants for binding to algal cells (K(BL)) were derived for those cations affecting zinc toxicity, using the mathematical approach proposed by De Schamphelaere and Janssen [Environ. Sci. Technol. 63, (2002) 48-54]. Potassium proved to be the only cation tested that did not alter zinc toxicity to algae significantly. Log (K(BL)) values for Ca, Mg and Na, derived at pH 7.5, were 3.2, 3.9 and 2.8, respectively. Toxicity tests performed at different pH values (5.5-8.0) indicated that competition between H(+) and Zn(2+) reduces zinc toxicity. However, the observed relationship between (H(+)) and the 72h-EbC(50) [expressed as microM (Zn(2+))] is not linear and suggests that pH affects the ph...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Raphidocelis subcapitata
Calcium [EPC]
Magnesium Measurement
Toxicity Tests
Selenastrum capricornutum

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