Biphasic growth dynamics during Caulobacter crescentus division

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Shiladitya BanerjeeNorbert F Scherer

Abstract

Cell size is specific to each species and impacts their ability to function. While various phenomenological models for cell size regulation have been proposed, recent work in bacteria have demonstrated an adder model, in which a cell increments its size by a constant amount between each division. However, the coupling between cell size, shape and constriction, remain poorly understood. Here, we investigate size control and the cell cycle dependence of bacterial growth, using multigenerational cell growth and shape data for single Caulobacter crescentus cells. Our analysis reveals a biphasic mode of growth: a relative timer phase before constriction where cell growth is correlated to its initial size, followed by a pure adder phase during constriction. Cell wall labeling measurements reinforce this biphasic model: a crossover from uniform lateral growth to localized septal growth is observed. We present a mathematical model that quantitatively explains this biphasic mixer model for cell size control.

Related Concepts

Cell Cycle
Cell Growth
Cell Wall
Caulobacter
Caulobacter crescentus
Lateral
Local
Shapes
Size
Aorta Constriction

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