Biphasic nature of the effects of delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol on body temperature and brain amines of the rat

European Journal of Pharmacology
D A Taylor, M R Fennessy


The effects of i.v. injected delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) on behaviour, body temperature and levels of brain monoamines, measured spectrophotofluorimetrically, of the rat were determined. Doses of delta9-THC in the range of 0.05--5.0 mg/kg produced biphasic changes in behaviour, body temperature and levels of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA). The whole brain levels of dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NA) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) were not altered by delta9-THC. The subjective behavioural biphasic responses did not appear to be dose related, whereas the biphasic changes in body temperature and brain levels of 5-HIAA were dose-related. Low doses of delta9-THC (0.05 and 0.1 mg/kg) caused hyperthermia, while doses of 1.0, 2.0 and 5.0 mg/kg induced hypothermia. On the other hand, 0.05 mg/kg delta9-THC significantly reduced, whereas doses of 1.0, 2.0 and 5.0 mg/kg significantly increased the 5-HIAA levels in a dose-related manner. It is concluded that an inverse relationship exists between delta9-THC-induced changes in body temperature and alterations in brain 5-HIAA levels.


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Related Concepts

Behavior, Animal
Biogenic Amines
Brain Chemistry
Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid
Tetrahydrocannabinol, (6a-trans)-Isomer
Rats, Laboratory

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