PMID: 3815297Mar 15, 1987Paper

Birth cohort, time, and age effects in Italian cancer mortality

Cancer
A DecarliC Cislaghi

Abstract

Italian death certification data from 1955 to 1979 for total cancer mortality and 30 cancer sites in the population aged 25 to 74, were analyzed using a log-linear Poisson model to isolate the effects of birth cohort, calendar period of death, and age. The most frequent cohort pattern was characterized by increases up to the generations born between 1920 and 1930, followed by stabilization or a slight decrease. This pattern was evident for total cancer mortality in men, and for several common sites, including larynx, lung, esophagus, bladder, female breast, and ovary. Only four sites (pancreas, pleura, intestines in both sexes, and kidney in men) showed cohort values still rising in more recent generations. Stable cohort and period of death curves were observed for cancers of the prostate and testis, whereas trends were steadily going down for neoplasms of the stomach, and (cervix) uteri. Finally, there were a few discontinuous trends (e.g., in the case of brain neoplasms, leukemias, and lymphomas), which probably reflect different effects of improvements in diagnosis and/or treatment. Period of death values increased for lung and other tobacco related sites (chiefly in males) and, up to the early 1970s, for a few other common ...Continue Reading

References

Mar 1, 1979·Journal of the National Cancer Institute·S H MoolgavkarJ A Lee
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Citations

Jul 26, 2013·Medical Oncology·Ricardo Ocaña-RiolaEulalia Navarro-Moreno
May 1, 2004·In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal·Gong FengPi-Ling Chang
Jun 30, 2012·American Journal of Public Health·Stacey A FedewaElizabeth M Ward
Feb 1, 1988·European Journal of Cancer & Clinical Oncology·C La VecchiaC Cislaghi
Jan 1, 1993·European Journal of Cancer : Official Journal for European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) [and] European Association for Cancer Research (EACR)·Y MinamiG Giles
Jan 1, 1989·Journal of Clinical Epidemiology·F ParazziniA Gentile
Mar 15, 1988·Cancer·C CislaghiM A Vigotti
Feb 23, 1999·British Journal of Cancer·J PetoEva Negri

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