PMID: 6419652Dec 1, 1983

Blood acid-base curve nomogram for immature domestic pigs

American Journal of Veterinary Research
J P Hannon


The purpose in this study was to characterize the acid-base status of arterial blood from healthy young domestic swine and to construct an acid-base curve nomogram appropriate to such animals. Accordingly, 40 immature, 20- to 31-kg domestic pigs were used to establish acid-base characteristics for arterial blood. Samples were collected from chronically implanted catheters while the animals were maintained under steady-state, near-basal conditions. At a measurement temperature of 38 C, pH averaged 7.496; PCO2, 40.6 mm Hg; [HCO3-], 31.6 mEq/L; PO2, 79.1 mm Hg; hemoglobin, 9.65 g/dl; hematocrit, 0.29; plasma albumin, 25.3 g/L; plasma globulin, 32.3 g/L; and plasma buffer base, 45.4 mEq/L. Hourly measurements over a 6-hour period in 6 of these pigs showed a small, but significant decrease in PO2 with time, but no significant change in acid-base status. The data showed that nomograms or other procedures based on blood characteristics of men were invalid when used to estimate base excess concentration of blood from young pigs. The normal pH of arterial blood was higher in immature pigs than in men; thus, reference values defining zero base excess were not equivalent in men and pigs. Constant PCO2 titrations were performed on arterial...Continue Reading

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