PMID: 41464Jul 1, 1979

Blood and ruminal fluid profiles in carbohydrate-foundered cattle

American Journal of Veterinary Research
R L SuberG T Edds

Abstract

The relationships of acetylhistamine and histamine to the clinical signs of carbohydrate-induced acidosis were investigated in beef steers. Blood pH and plasma L-lactic acid decreased and serum sodium, serum potassium, ruminal fluid L-lactic acid, ruminal fluid histamine, and ruminal fluid and blood acetylhistamine increased in carbohydrate-engorged steers as compared with the changes in the steers while feeding on pasture (forage-fed steers). Twelve to 14 hours after the steers had become engorged, clinical signs of laminitis ("feedlot founder") were observed in three of six steers. These signs appeared 4 to 6 hours after blood acetylhistamine attained maximal concentration (2.9997 +/- 1.7054 microgram of histamine base/ml of blood) and blood pH decreased to 7.260 +/- 0.026 at 8 hours after engorgement. Blood histamine value reached 0.1298 +/- 0.1095 microgram of histamine base/ml 4 hours after engorgement (8 to 10 hours before the appearance of clinical illness), but had reached maximal concentration 32 hours after engorgement (0.3300 +/- 0.028 microgram of histamine base/ml of blood).

Related Concepts

Histamine Measurement
L-lactate
Laminitis
Dietary Carbohydrates
Serum Potassium Measurement
Rumen
Cattle Diseases
Lactates
Gases, Blood, pH Only
Blood

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